Contenido principal del artículo

Sara Bagur
Universidad de las Islas Baleares.
España
Biografía
Maria Rosa Rosselló
Universidad de las Islas Baleares
España
Biografía
Berta Paz-Lourido
Universidad de las Islas Baleares
España
Biografía
Sebastià Verger
Universidad de las Islas Baleares
España
Biografía
Vol. 27 Núm. 1 (2021), Artículos
DOI: https://doi.org/10.30827/relieve.v27i1.21053
Recibido: abr 22, 2021 Aceptado: jun 22, 2021 Publicado: jun 27, 2021
Derechos de autor

Resumen

La investigación en educación estudia fenómenos sociales complejos y dinámicos que deben ser analizados de manera global. El enfoque integrador de la metodología mixta (MM) permite fusionar las perspectivas CUAL y CUAN durante el proceso de investigación. La flexibilidad, la naturaleza del fenómeno o la densidad analítica son aspectos imprescindibles para la integración. Se pretende analizar la integración en MM para incrementar la calidad y la validez de las investigaciones educativas. Se ha realizado una revisión sistemática de la literatura de los últimos diez años siguiendo el protocolo PRISMA analizandose un total de 22 documentos. Los hallazgos muestran que la eficacia de la MM radica en el grado de integración contemplando la igualdad metodológica. Para ello es necesario contemplar la integración en las perspectivas teóricas, la justificación, el diseño, los objetivos, los métodos, el análisis de datos, la transferencia y la organización del equipo de investigación. Sin embargo, existen retos para integrar eficazmente. El debate perteneciente a la rigidez de lo CUAL y lo CUAN, la integración efectiva de la MM, la calidad de la investigación o los criterios de evaluación de corrientes separatistas pueden eclipsar la naturaleza de la integración. El auge de la MM ha contribuido a entender el dinamismo de fenómenos educativos. La integración efectiva es el mayor potencial de la MM, pero, al mismo tiempo, es un reto para los equipos de investigación. Por ello, se requieren bases consolidadas para que la comunidad científica desarrolle prácticas bajo principios de calidad, validez y eficacia en la investigación.

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