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Núm. 19 (2020), Artículos, Páginas 195-212
Recibido: Dec 15, 2020 Publicado: Nov 14, 2020
This article aims to examine the different posthumanist interpretations of the myth of Galatea and Pygmalion in the films Blade Runner (Scott, 1982) y Per Aspera Ad Astra (Victorov, 1981). The text applies Stacy Alaimo’s (2010) sense of trans-corporeality to the myth in order to analyze the diverging dissenting approaches shown by the gynoid protagonists of both films and employs Rossi Braidotti’s (2012) onto-ethical notion of the “posthuman” as a model to analyze the cyborg characters of the films. Through an exploration of the non-anthropocentric premises inherent to their performativity, nature and discourse, their rebellion’s efficiency is problematized. Firstly, the text addresses the different outcomes of Scott’s replicants, linking their tragic fate to the cultural ecology of the cyberpunk system that they are forced to inhabit. This perspective is put in contrast with Victorov’s depiction of Niia, who, sharing the cybernetic physiology and nature of Blade Runner’s replicants, manages to emancipate herself from the oppressive links that restrain her psyche. Therefore, the main objective of the article is to visualize the way in which these rewritings of the figure of Galatea show audiences a counter-hegemonic perspective of human/nature relationships in which the cyborg’s dissident performativity is not conditioned by their own individual activity but by the context that upholds her.
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