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Ryoichi Tomarino
Waseda University
Japón
Núm. 16 (2017), 150º aniversario de la publicación de la obra “Crimen y castigo” de Dostoievski, Páginas 292-301
Recibido: dic 15, 2020 Publicado: dic 1, 2017
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Resumen

In this paper author “silence” as literary technique in the poem Grand inquisitor by F.M. Dostoevsky and in the short story Silence by L.N. Andreev. Dostoevsky and Andreev use “silence” as communication tool in their works.
Dostoevsky creates “monologue” as special communication. In this “monologue” one only speaks and the other only listens to. But there both characters feels like they join in the conversation. At the same time this communication is different from normal dialogue. It can be said that this monologue has special mutual communication. Here we temporarily call “Dialogue between tirade person and silence person”.
Andreev showed that “dialogue” with silence of main characters. But his “silence” as literal technique is different from Dostoevsky’s in a sense. We consider the short story Silence.
As researcher of Andreev V.I. Bezzubov reports, insurmountable “wall” stands between tirade person and silence person in Andreev’s work unlike Dostoevsky’s.
It is considered: Andreev uses literal technique formally similar to Dostoevsky’s in the dialogue of the short story Silence. However, here the role is different. Andreev’s silence is not the element of communication. On the other hand, silence in his short story interferes with communication between characters. Silence has the dividing function. Invisible silence is personified by Andreev in grotesque way at the same time. Silence in his work behaves as one of the characters. Differing from Dostoevsky, Andreev’s silence insolate other characters and leaves even a piece of hope.

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