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Elena A. Fedorova
Demidov Yaroslavl State University
Federación Rusa
Núm. 16 (2017), 150º aniversario de la publicación de la obra “Crimen y castigo” de Dostoievski, Páginas 93-98
Recibido: dic 15, 2020 Publicado: nov 30, 2017
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Predecessors of the heroes of the novel F.M. Dostoevsky`s Crime and Punishment - Rodion Raskolnikov and Sonya Marmeladova - you can consider the heroes of the novel Notes from the Underground - Paradoxalist and Lisa. In turn, these images were created under the influence of the Petersburg types N.A. Nekrasov, like Semen Zakharovich Marmeladov. In the stories of the 1840s-50s N.A. Nekrasov, creating his Petersburg heroes, is looking for new techniques of characterization under the influence of the “natural school”. The main feature of the heroes of Nekrasov and Dostoevsky is the lack of integrity, internal splitting. The heroines of Nekrasov, combining childishness and pride, are the predecessors of Dostoevsky’s heroines - Katerina Ivanovna and Sonya Marmeladova. But, if Nekrasov’s social problematic comes to the fore, Dostoevsky pays more attention to psychology and the spiritual and spiritual state of the characters.

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