Quemaduras solares: fotoprotección y tratamiento

  • JA MORALES-MOLINA Servicio de Farmacia. Hospital del Mar. Barcelona.
  • S GRAU Servicio de Farmacia. Hospital del Mar. Barcelona.
  • J JIMÉNEZ-MARTÍN Departamento de Farmacología. Facultad de Farmacia. Universidad de Granada.
  • J MATEU-DE ANTONIO Servicio de Farmacia. Hospital del Mar. Barcelona.
  • M ESPONA Servicio de Farmacia. Hospital del Mar. Barcelona.
  • MJ BERGESFRAILE Servicio de Farmacia. Hospital del Mar. Barcelona.
  • A ZARZUELO Departamento de Farmacología. Facultad de Farmacia. Universidad de Granada
  • E SALAS Servicio de Farmacia. Hospital del Mar. Barcelona.
Palabras clave: Fotoprotección, Fotoprotectores solares, Fotosensibilidad, Prevención, Quemaduras solares, Radiación solar, Radiación ultravioleta, Tratamiento

Resumen

La radiación ultravioleta es la principal responsable de los efectos nocivos de la radiación solar sobre el organismo.Las quemaduras solares, reacción aguda y visible de la exposición de la piel a dicha radiación, pueden cursar conlesiones cutáneas graves, destrucción celular y afectación de tejidos anexos, pudiéndose acompañar de edemas ypérdida de líquidos. La revisión tiene por objeto describir y valorar los efectos de la reactividad cutánea frente ala exposición a la radiación ultravioleta y clarifi car las distintas estrategias de prevención y/ o tratamiento de lasquemaduras solares. Parece recomendable incidir en la necesidad de adoptar hábitos saludables frente a la exposicióna la radiación ultravioleta, especialmente en los primeros 18 años de vida, así como realizar campañas educativascon el objetivo de prevenir la aparición y/ o agravamiento de enfermedades derivadas de dicha exposición.

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Cómo citar
1.
MORALES-MOLINAJ, GRAU S, JIMÉNEZ-MARTÍNJ, MATEU-DE ANTONIOJ, ESPONA M, BERGESFRAILE M, ZARZUELO A, SALAS E. Quemaduras solares: fotoprotección y tratamiento. Ars Pharm [Internet]. 20 de junio de 2006 [citado 27 de noviembre de 2022];47(2):119-35. Disponible en: https://revistaseug.ugr.es/index.php/ars/article/view/5029

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