Pictogramas farmacéuticos: ¿una oportunidad para la Alfabetización en Salud?

Palabras clave: “educación en salud”; “prospectos ilustrados”; “ayudas visual”; pictogramas

Resumen

Introducción: El material educativo para el uso del medicamento frecuentemente es poco legible para el paciente, especialmente si es poco Alfabetizado en Salud. Ello pone en relieve la necesidad de alternativas al prospecto tradicional. El objetivo de este trabajo fue revisar la evidencia disponible sobre los pictogramas como herramienta conducente al uso racional del medicamento.

Método: Se realizó una búsqueda de los artículos que consistieran en estudios de la eficacia comunicativa de los pictogramas farmacéuticos en Scopus, Web of Science y Medline a través de PubMed.

Resultados: Se identificaron 24 estudios con los criterios de inclusión aplicados. 10 de los 12 estudios controlados aleatorizados obtuvieron resultados favorables a la inclusión de pictogramas. Los estudios transversales exploraron la importancia del contexto cultural o educativo. Todos los estudios longitudinales obtuvieron resultados positivos tras el seguimiento, que podrían explicarse gracias a una explicación previa.

Conclusiones: Los pictogramas son una herramienta simple, económica y con un elevado potencial para mejorar el uso del medicamento.

Biografía del autor/a

Francisco Javier Ferreira Alfaya, Máster en Atención Farmacéutica. Universidad de Granada Máster en Nutrición Humana. Universidad de Granada

Farmacéutico Comunitario en Farmacia Alfonso XIII (Melilla)

Farmacéutico en Institución Penitenciaria de Melilla

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Cómo citar
1.
Ferreira AlfayaFJ, Zarzuelo RomeroMJ. Pictogramas farmacéuticos: ¿una oportunidad para la Alfabetización en Salud?. Ars Pharm [Internet]. 22 de junio de 2022 [citado 27 de noviembre de 2022];63(3):274-2933. Disponible en: https://revistaseug.ugr.es/index.php/ars/article/view/23979

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