Contenido del artículo principal

Resumen

La evaluación tiene un papel muy importante en los procesos de aprendizaje en contextos educativos. Así, las evaluaciones activas, donde el alumno tiene un papel protagonista, cada vez están tomando mayor presencia como complemento a las evaluaciones tradicionales debido a su probado valor formativo. El presente estudio trata de analizar el impacto que tiene sobre las evaluaciones hechas por los alumnos, la experiencia adquirida por dichos alumnos al someterlos a situaciones de evaluación y al recibir feedback por parte del profesor sobre dichas evaluaciones. Para ello, dos grupos naturales de clase realizaron evaluaciones del trabajo realizados por otros grupos y de su propio trabajo. La diferencia entre los grupos radicó en que uno de ellos recibió feedback del profesor tras la evaluación y el otro grupo no. Los resultados analizaron la precisión de los grupos evaluando a otros grupos de compañeros y evaluándose a sí mismo, con respecto a la evaluación del profesor. Los datos mostraron que ambos grupos mejoraron la precisión de las evaluaciones a lo largo de las sesiones, pero la mejora fue significativamente mayor en el caso del grupo que recibió feedback. Estos resultados nos permiten apuntar sobre la importancia de la evaluación dentro del proceso de aprendizaje y de la necesidad de proveer a los alumnos de feedback sobre la evaluación realizada.

Palabras clave

Autoevaluación, Feedback, autorregulación, universitarios

Detalles del artículo

Cómo citar
Parra LeónS., & García MartínezI. (2021). El feedback y la experiencia evaluando como factores determinantes en la autorregulación de los estudiantes. PUBLICACIONES, 51(1), 287-316. https://doi.org/10.30827/publicaciones.v51i1.20738

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