Mentes masculinas en cuerpos femeninos. Tres mujeres y su poder a través de monedas y sellos

Jitske Jasperse

Resumen


En este artículo las monedas y los sellos se analizan como herramientas que reflejan el deseo de las mujeres gobernantes de autorepresentarse y de ser así recordadas. Un recorrido por estos objetos pequeños pero muy relevantes conectados con la reina Urraca de León-Castilla (r. 1109-1126), la emperatriz Matilde de Inglaterra (r. 1135-1154) y la duquesa Berta de Lorena (r. 1176-1194/95) mostrará que cada una construyó una imagen visual de su reinado, empleando una iconografía masculina para crear sus identidades. Procedentes directamente del poder de estas mujeres señoriales, su moneda y los sellos expresan cómo ellas se representaban y, en consecuencia, cómo deseaban ser reconocidos y recordados. Por definición, estos objetos formaban parte de una cultura medieval de memoria para la cual era crucial la creación de artefactos y arquitectura.


Palabras clave


Género; Monedas; Sellos; Arte; Reina Urraca de León-Castilla; Emperatriz Matilde de Inglaterra; Duquesa Berta de Lorena; Siglo XII

Citas


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Ficheros adicionales

1. Fig. 01 Seal Ermessenda Cathedral Girona   >>  Ver
2. Fig. 03 Coin Alfonso VI   >>  Ver
3. Fig. 04 Coin Urraca in profile   >>  Ver
4. Fig. 06 Coin Urraca enthroned with scepter   >>  Ver
5. Fig. 07 Coin Empress Matilda British Museum   >>  Ver
6. Fig. 08 Coin King Stephen British Museum   >>  Ver
7. Fig. 09 Seal Empress Matilda King's College   >>  Ver
8. Fig. 10 Seal Queen Matilda Public Domain   >>  Ver
9. Fig. 11b Charter G 449 with seal Bertha Archives Depart Meurthe-et-Moselle   >>  Ver
10. Fig. 12 Charter B 476-1 with seal Matthew Archives Depart Meurthe-et-Moselle   >>  Ver
11. Fig. 13a Charter Bertha and Simon Archives dép. de l'Aube PD, 3 H 108   >>  Ver
12. Fig. 13b Seal Bertha Archives dép. de l’Aube PD, 3 H 108   >>  Ver

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