Escucha musical y respuestas psicofisiológicas

Lucía Herrera Torres, Nelson Javier Berrío Grandas


La literatura científica indica que la respuesta psicofisiológica ante la escucha musical varía dependiendo de diferentes variables como, por ejemplo, el tempo de la música, el modo, el estilo musical escuchado y el contenido de la letra. Los objetivos de la presente investigación son, en primer lugar, determinar si las respuestas psicofisiológicas (respuesta galvánica de la piel-RGP, onda cerebral alfa-OCA y frecuencia cardíaca-FC) varían en función de la escucha musical frente a la condición de silencio. En segundo lugar, establecer si dichas respuestas varían en función del contenido de la letra de lo escuchado (Música Cristiana vs. Música no Cristiana). En tercer lugar, analizar si, en la escucha musical las respuestas psicofisiológicas difieren atendiendo al estilo musical escuchado. Participaron 100 estudiantes de la Universidad Adventista de Colombia divididos en dos grupos: Grupo Experimental o de escucha musical (n = 50) y Grupo Control o condición de silencio (n = 50). Los principales resultados pusieron de manifiesto diferencias en función de la modalidad de escucha (musical frente a silencio) en las tres respuestas psicofisiológicas. Además, se hallaron diferencias atendiendo al contenido de la letra y el estilo musical escuchado. Se discute la necesidad de continuar profundizando en futuros estudios que atiendan a diferentes variables que puedan incidir en la respuesta psicofisiológica ante la escucha musical.

Palabras clave

Escucha musical; Respuesta Galvánica de la Piel, Onda cerebral Alfa; Frecuencia Cardíaca; letra; estilo musical


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