Contenido principal del artículo

Emilio José Rojas Molina
Universidad de Salamanca
España
Biografía
Vol. 55 (2021): John Rawls: 50 años de la Teoría de la Justicia, Monográfico, Páginas 75-106
DOI: https://doi.org/10.30827/acfs.v55i0.15561
Recibido: jun 30, 2020 Aceptado: jul 27, 2020 Publicado: ene 14, 2021
Derechos de autor

Resumen

Este trabajo examina los diferentes reparos que el recurso a las ideas procedentes de la cultura pública como base de su concepción de la justicia le ha procurado a Rawls. Ese examen se propone establecer dos conclusiones. Primera, frente a quienes sugieren que, con la apelación a tales fundamentos, la solidez del método de justificación que Rawls articula se resiente gravemente y los que esgrimen que, con esa apelación, Rawls renuncia a las pretensiones de universalidad que son consustanciales a la doctrina liberal, intenta poner de manifiesto que el papel que esas ideas cumplen en la justificación de una concepción política de la justicia como la suya únicamente muestra la congruencia que la obra de Rawls exhibe en la manera de entender la naturaleza de la justificación y la clase de elementos sobre los cuales se articula. Segunda, frente a quienes sostienen que el método de justificación empleado por Rawls entraña alguna forma de relativismo o etnocentrismo, trata de evidenciar que ese método no conduce a ese tipo de posiciones, por más que tome como base nuestros juicios considerados y nociones políticas fundamentales.

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