Nuevas fuentes y retos para el estudio de la movilidad urbana

Joaquín Osorio Arjona, Juan Carlos García Palomares

Resumen


El aumento de la demanda de movilidad en las ciudades ha conllevado una dinámica poco sostenible tanto a nivel social como ambiental. Para promover actuaciones hacía una movilidad sostenible es necesario el uso de fuentes de información dinámicas, con un alto detalle espacial y temporal (y de bajo coste) que permitan realizar diagnósticos eficientes de la situación de movilidad en nuestras ciudades. Las Tecnologías de Información y Comunicación y el Big Data aparecen como nuevas fuentes interactivas que responden a estas necesidades. En este artículo se realiza una revisión del estado del arte en el uso de estas nuevas fuentes de datos para el análisis de la movilidad urbana, contrastando su utilidad respecto a las fuentes tradicionales, clasificándolas, presentando las temáticas de investigación que ofrecen, y abordando los desafíos de cara al futuro.


Palabras clave


movilidad; Smart Cities; TIC; redes sociales; Big Data

Citas


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