Contenido principal del artículo

Alina Danet Danet
Ciber Epidemiología y Salud Pública
España
Biografía
Vol. 13 Núm. 1 (2020), Artículos, Páginas 35-55
DOI: https://doi.org/10.30827/revpaz.v13i1.9547
Recibido: jun 12, 2019 Aceptado: may 14, 2020 Publicado: jun 10, 2020

Resumen

El objetivo de esta revisión fue analizar el uso y aplicación de la Comunicación No Violenta en el ámbito científico-académico internacional. Se realizó una búsqueda bibliográfica de los estudios publicados desde 2010 en PubMed, Scopus y Google Académico. Se seleccionaron 23 artículos que se revisaron en dos fases: analítico descriptiva y de síntesis narrativa. Se identificó la heterogeneidad geográfica, disciplinar y metodológica en la aplicación de la Comunicación No Violenta. Desde las Ciencias de la Educación, diez ensayos y estudios empíricos consideraron la CNV como paradigma útil para crear comunidades educativas inclusivas y fomentar la integración, colaboración y empatía, en base al desarrollo de competencias intra e interpersonales. En Ciencias de la Salud, Ciencias Sociales y ámbito multidisciplinar, los estudios de intervención, la mayoría con diseño cuasi-experimental, mostraron el impacto positivo de las estrategias formativas de Comunicación No Violenta sobre la empatía, gestión del conflicto, prevención y abordaje de la violencia y delincuencia, la salud emocional y la calidad de las relaciones familiares, interprofesionales y comunitarias. Los hallazgos situaron la Comunicación No Violenta dentro de un marco teórico humanista y, a nivel práctico, evidenciaron sus beneficios para mejorar las vivencias personales, la interacción y convivencia entre individuos. Se necesitaría fomentar diseños metodológicos sólidos para reforzar, desde ámbitos científico- académicos, los resultados basados en la evidencia sobre el impacto de la Comunicación No Violenta y su aplicación.

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