Sostenibilidad económica, seguridad del agua y gobernanza multinivel de los planes locales de abastecimiento de agua en Nepal

Emma Hakala

Resumen


Este artículo explora el papel de la gobernanza multinivel y las estructuras de poder en la seguridad del agua local a través de un estudio de caso del distrito de Nawalparasi en Nepal. Se centra en la sostenibilidad económica como una medida para abordar la seguridad del agua, colocando esta temática en el contexto de una estructura de poder complicada que consiste en la administración local, distrital y nacional, así como en actores externos de cooperación para el desarrollo. El estudio pretende explorar si los esfuerzos para mejorar la sostenibilidad económica de los sistemas de agua han contribuido a la seguridad del agua a nivel local. Además, considerará las interacciones entre la seguridad del agua, las estructuras de poder y la igualdad y justicia locales. La investigación se basa en datos de encuestas de los distritos nepalíes de Nawalparasi y Palpa, y un estudio de caso basado en entrevistas y observación en Nawalparasi. La encuesta se realizó en esquemas de agua construidos dentro de un programa finlandés de cooperación para el desarrollo que abarca desde 1990 hasta 2004, lo que permite considerar la sostenibilidad a largo plazo de los proyectos de gestión del agua. Esto añade una influencia externa crucial en las estructuras de poder intra-estatales que configuran la gestión del agua en Nepal. Por lo tanto, el artículo ofrece una perspectiva alternativa a la seguridad transregional del agua mediante una discusión que combina la participación transnacional con los puntos de vista nacionales y locales.


Palabras clave


Gobernanza medio-ambiental; Justicia ambiental; Nepal; Seguridad del abastecimiento del agua; Sostenibilidad económica

Citas


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