Agua y contra-hegemonía: la lucha kurda en el Tigris y Éufrates en Turquía

Gilberto Conde

Resumen


El tema del agua afecta otros asuntos de justicia. En el artículo se discute del agua del Tigris y Éufrates desde puntos de vista kurdos en Turquía. No se aborda todo el entramado de relaciones de poder e intereses en la historia de estos ríos dentro del país o a través de las fronteras, sino cómo los opositores kurdos perciben cómo las autoridades turcas manejan los recursos hídricos y su política en la cuenca, afectando a la población y al medio ambiente. Se argumenta que el Estado, más allá de establecer su hidro-hegemonía sobre los países corribereños (Siria e Iraq), ha intentado proyectar su poder blando y duro sobre los kurdos. El movimiento kurdo opositor ha respondido estableciendo sus propias medidas contra-hegemónicas. Sus propuestas parecen buscar ganar a los kurdos, pero también a los turcos y a otras poblaciones. Su propuesta de participación social en la toma de decisiones es una propuesta de democracia directa que incluye el manejo del agua y preocupaciones ambientales. La investigación se basa en el estudio de bibliografía académica, documentos oficiales turcos y una serie de entrevistas semiestructuradas con funcionarios municipales, profesores universitarios y activistas kurdos.


Palabras clave


Hidro-hegemonía; kurdos; PKK; Justicia del agua; proyectos de presas

Citas


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