Bienestar emocional de los estudiantes universitarios: el papel de la orientación a metas y las percepciones de control

Susana Rodríguez, Isabel Piñeiro, Bibiana Regueiro, Iris Estévez, Antonio Valle, José Carlos Núñez

Resumen


El propósito de este estudio es conocer la contribución de la controlabilidad del fracaso, las expectativas de éxito, la autoeficacia y la orientación a metas sobre el bienestar emocional. La muestra es de 982 estudiantes universitarios de seis titulaciones diferentes. Los resultados indican que la atribución de los fracasos a factores no controlables junto con la adopción de metas de evitación del rendimiento podría ser suficiente para mermar el bienestar emocional. Las expectativas de éxito, la atribución del fracaso a factores controlables y la percepción de autoeficacia estarían positivamente asociadas al bienestar emocional de los estudiantes en contextos universitarios. Las variables motivacionales empleadas aquí explican conjuntamente un 17.6% de la varianza de la ansiedad estado negativa.


Palabras clave


ansiedad estado negativa; orientación a metas; autoeficacia; expectativas de éxito; atribuciones ante el fracaso

Citas


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Depósito legal: GR-94-2001 · eISSN: 2530-9269 · pISSN: 1577-4147


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