Descansos activos para mejorar la atención en clase: intervenciones educativas

Sara Suarez-Manzano, Alberto Ruiz-Ariza, Sebastian Lopez-Serrano, Emilio J. Martínez López

Resumen


El objetivo de esta revisión fue analizar los estudios que evalúan el efecto de la práctica de actividad física integrada en los descansos escolares, sobre la atención en niños y adolescentes. Para ello se hizo una búsqueda bibliográfica en tres bases de datos (búsqueda inicial n = 502: PubMed n = 121, SportDiscus n = 114, Web of Science n = 268), desde enero de 2000 hasta marzo de 2017. Un total de nueve estudios con intervención cumplieron los criterios de inclusión. Todos los estudios emplearon ejercicio físico a intensidad moderada-vigorosa de una duración entre 5-30 min. En siete estudios obtuvieron mejoras y en dos no obtuvieron cambios. Se encontraron diferencias atendiendo al sexo. Finalmente, se observó la influencia de la duración e intensidad de la intervención habiendo controversia entre los diferentes estudios. Motivo por el que consideramos que son necesarias más investigaciones para aclarar la influencia de los factores de confusión, tipo, duración e intensidad del ejercicio.


Palabras clave


Actividad física; ejercicio físico; escuela; rendimiento académico

Citas


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