Análisis y modelización de la salinidad del agua subterránea en la Franja de Gaza

Basheer Sofiyan Abuelaish, María Teresa Camacho Olmedo


La Franja de Gaza sufre un grave problema relacionado con la calidad y cantidad del agua. El agua subterránea se utiliza como agua potable, para usos agrícolas y para procesos industriales. La salinidad del agua está aumentando en la Franja de Gaza, siendo la intrusión de agua de mar la principal fuente de salinidad. En este trabajo, los iones selectivos de cloruro se utilizan, como indicador de la salinidad, para el análisis y modelización de la salinidad del agua subterránea en la Franja de Gaza para el horizonte 2023. Tres modelos de previsión del aumento de cloruros en las aguas subterráneas son considerados para 2023: el modelo basado en pronóstico, la regresión lineal y la regresión múltiple. El resultado de estos tres modelos muestra que la salinidad del agua aumentará en todas las áreas de la Franja de Gaza para el año 2023. Solo una pequeña zona en la provincia del norte tendrá menos de 250 mg/l de concentración de cloruro en agua dulce, lo que representa 4.56% del total del área de la Franja de Gaza. La intrusión de agua de mar se pone de manifiesto en los cortes transversales a lo largo de la costa, extendiéndose desde el Mar Mediterráneo hasta el este de la Franja de Gaza.

Palabras clave

Aguas Subterráneas; Salinidad; Intrusión de agua de mar; Modelización; SIG


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