Farmacología de productos naturales: un enfoque reciente en Calotropis gigantea y Calotropis procera

Shripad M. Bairagi, Prashant Ghule, Rit Gilhotra

Resumen


Introducción: Desde la antigüedad, las personas han utilizado plantas medicinales para tratar diversas enfermedades. Las plantas medicinales son la fuente importante de los fármacos, y muchas de ellas, que están actualmente disponibles en el mercado farmacéutico, se obtienen de fuentes vegetales. Calotropis gigantea y Calotropis procera son arbustos pequeños que se utilizan convencionalmente para tratar muchas enfermedades como el cáncer, la diabetes y las enfermedades intestinales en países africanos y asiáticos. Siempre se ha prestado una mayor atención a la Atención Primaria de salud: la atención básica de la salud es eficaz y asequible para los países en desarrollo.

Objetivos:

Este trabajo tiene como objetivo revisar las características farmacológicas y farmacognosóticas de Calotropis gigantea y Calotropis procera.

Método: Breve revisión de la literatura reciente realizada utilizando Scopus, Google scholar.

Resultado y discusión: Varios estudios proporcionan evidencia de sus propiedades antioxidantes, analgésicas, antiinflamatorias, antidiarreicas, anticonvulsivas, antipalúdicas, hepatoprotectoras, antitumorales, antimicrobianas y anti-nociceptivas.

Conclusión: Especies de Calotropis no ampliamente reconocido mostraron diferentes acciones farmacológicas, debido a la presencia de metabolitos secundarios efectivos.


Palabras clave


Calotropis gigantea; Calotropis procera; Farmacognosia; Farmacología

Citas


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Fecha de actualización: 11- 03-2018

ISSN: 2340-9894


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