Isoflavonoids from the rhizomes of Iris hungarica and antibacterial activity of the dry rhizomes extract

Olga Mykhailenko, Volodumur Kovalyov, Sergiy Kovalyov, Anastasiia Krechun

Resumen


Objetivo: El objetivo del trabajo es el aislamiento y la identificación de los compuestos fenólicos de losrizomas de Iris hungarica.

Materiales y métodos: Se utilizaron métodos químicos y espectrales para conocer las estructuras de compuestosfenólicos que se aislaron de los rizomas de Iris hungarica Waldst. et Kit. (Familia de Iridaceae).Los compuestos se obtuvieron mediante cromatografía en columna sobre gel de sílice y se determinaronsus estructuras mediante análisis de sus espectros por UV, IR, MS, 1H-RMN. Se determinó el cribadopreliminar de la actividad antibacteriana.

Resultados: Se aislaron por primera vez de los rizomas de Iris hungarica (común en Ucrania)dos isoflavonas, teсtorigenina y tectoridina (nuevas para esta especie), el xantonoidemangiferina y los isoflavonoides daidzeina, genisteina y formononetina.El extracto seco de los rizomas de I. hungarica a una concentración de 1% ha mostrado la actividad inhibitoriamás alta para bacterias y hongos Gram-positivos.


Palabras clave


isoflavonoides; teсtorigenina; tectoridina; mangiferina; Iris hungarica; actividad antibacteriana

Citas


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Fecha de actualización: 11- 03-2018

ISSN: 2340-9894


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