Contenido principal del artículo

Khaled Mohammed Alakhali
Faculty of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Department of Clinical Pharmacy, UCSI University, Kuala Lumpur
Malasia
Biografía
M Zakour Khadari
Faculty of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Department of Clinical Pharmacy, UCSI University, Kuala Lumpur
Malasia
Mogana Rajagopal
Faculty of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Department of Clinical Pharmacy, UCSI University, Kuala Lumpur
Malasia
Ahsan Baig
Faculty of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Department of Clinical Pharmacy, UCSI University, Kuala Lumpur
Malasia
Osama Helweh
Faculty of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Department of Clinical Pharmacy, UCSI University, Kuala Lumpur
Malasia
Vol. 62 Núm. 2 (2021), Artículos Originales, Páginas 118-130
DOI: https://doi.org/10.30827/ars.v62i2.15896
Recibido: sep 9, 2020 Aceptado: oct 22, 2020 Publicado: mar 20, 2021
Derechos de autor Cómo citar

Resumen

Objetivos: Este estudio se dirigió a evaluar las actitudes de los farmacéuticos comunitarios hacia la práctica profesional y determinar su competencia observada en diversas actividades farmacéuticas.


Métodos: estudio transversal realizado en la ciudad de Kuala Lumpur. El cuestionario contenía 40 preguntas divididas en seis secciones que abordaban varios aspectos de la práctica y la información demográfica. En el estudio participaron 223 farmacéuticos con licencia que trabajan en farmacias comunitarias. Los datos se analizaron utilizando SPSS. Se utilizaron pruebas de correlación de Chi-cuadrado y Pearson para determinar la significación estadística de los datos dicotómicos.


Hallazgos clave: Entre los 233 encuestados en actividades de gestión, 194 (87%) obtuvieron una puntuación buena y 5 (2,2%) obtuvieron una puntuación mala. En las actividades de dispensación, 199 (89,2%) obtuvieron la puntuación buena y 5 (2,2%) obtuvieron la puntuación mala. En las actividades de atención farmacéutica, 209 (93,7%) obtuvieron una buena puntuación y 4 (1,8%) obtuvieron una mala puntuación. En actividades inter / intraprofesionales, 108 (48,4%) puntuaron bien y 10 (4,5%) puntuaron mal. En las actividades de salud pública, 153 (68,6%) obtuvieron la puntuación buena y 6 (2,7%) obtuvieron la puntuación mala, mientras que en las actividades de mantenimiento de competencias, 160 (71,7%) obtuvieron la puntuación buena y 3 (1,3%) obtuvieron el puntaje pobre.


Conclusiones: La mayor parte de los participantes obtuvo una buena actitud fue del 93,7% para las actividades de atención farmacéutica mientras que la mayor de los participantes obtuvo una mala actitud fue del 4,5% para las actividades inter / intraprofesionales. La mayoría de los participantes aceptan las actividades para mantener la competencia.

Descargas

La descarga de datos todavía no está disponible.

Detalles del artículo

Citas

Alshahrani SM, Shaik Alavudeen S, Alakhali KM, Al-Worafi YM, Bahamdan AK, Vigneshwaran E. Self-Medication Among King Khalid University Students, Saudi Arabia. Risk Manag Healthc Policy. 2019;12:243–9. Doi: 10.2147/RMHP.S230257

Hanafi S, Poormalek F, Torkamandi H, Hajimiri M, Esmaeili M, Khooie S, et al. Evaluation of Community Pharmacists’ Knowledge, Attitude and Practice towards Good Pharmacy Practice in Iran. J Pharm Care. 2013; 1:19-24.

Shankar Pr. Essential medicines and health products information portal. J Pharmacol Pharmacother. 2014; 5(1):75. doi: 10.4103/0976-500X.124434

WHO. Good pharmacy practice (GPP) in community and hospital pharmacy settings. Geneva.1996.

FIP. Good Pharmacy Practice (GPP) in developing countries, recommendations for step-wise implementation: International Pharmaceutical Federation; 1997.

Mohanta GP, Manna PK, Valliappan K, Manavalan R. Achieving good pharmacy practice in community pharmacies in India. Am J Health Syst Pharm. 2001;58(9):809–10. doi: 10.1093/ajhp/58.9.809.

Ali AN, Shalini S, Yen PN, K PS, Yee RS, Jia YS, et al. Community Pharmacists Attitude Towards Professional Practice in Penang, Malaysia. JPPCM. 2017;3(4):232–9. doi: 10.5530/jppcm.2017.4.65.

Al-Tameemi NK, Sarriff A. Knowledge, attitude and practice of pharmacists on medication therapy management: a survey in Hospital Pulau Pinang, Penang, Malaysia. JPHCS. 2019; 10;5(1):1-9. Doi:10.1186/s40780-019-0131-9

Cheah MF. Public Perception of the Role of Pharmacists and Willingness to Pay for Pharmacist-provided Dispensing Services: A Cross-sectional Pilot Study in the State of Sabah, Malaysia. Malays J Pharm Sci. 2018;16(1):1–21. Doi:10.21315/mjps2018.16.1.1.

Statistics Do. Federal Territory of Kuala Lumpur. In: Malaysia DoS, editor. Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia: Federal Territory of Kuala Lumpur and Malaysian Pharmaceutical society; 2019

MPS. Malaysian Pharmaceutical Society; 2019. Available from: https://ww.mps.org.my.

Ali AN, Subramaniam HT, Prajapati SK, Ahmed NZ. Community pharmacists’ attitude towards professional practice - a comparative study among two different geographical zones in Malaysia. MOJCRR. 2018;1(5):223–30. doi: 10.15406/mojcrr.2018.01.00037.

Schommer JC, Pedersen CA, Doucette WR, Gaither CA, Mott DA. Community Pharmacists’ Work Activities in the United States During 2000. JAPhA. 2002;42(3):399–406. doi: 10.1331/108658002763316815.

Swathy G, Dhivya P, Waseem M, Susmitha M, Reddy RN, Prasad B. An Assessment of Community Pharmacist Attitude Towards Professional Practice and Knowledge of ADR in South India. Int J Pharm Pharm. 2013;4(4):236-41. doi: 10.18549/PharmPract.2019.3.1518

Crichton B. Keep in a cool place: exposure of medicines to high temperatures in general practice during a British heatwave. JRSM. SAGE Publications. 2004;97(7):328–9. doi: 10.1258/jrsm.97.7.328

Deepalakshmi M, Devipriya T, Arun KP, Ponnusankar S. Knowledge, Attitude and Practice of Community Pharmacists towards Cognitive Pharmaceutical Care Services in Tamil Nadu, India. Indian J Pharm Sci. 2016;78(6). doi: 10.4172/pharmaceutical-sciences.1000192

Marinkovic V, Stojkovic T, Zekovic M, Tasic L, Krajnovic D. Community Pharmacists’ Attitudes and Professional Practice in Relation to the Patient Safety Incidents. Indian J Pharm Educ Res. 2019;54(1):194–205. doi: 10.5530/ijper.54.1.23

Cordina M, Safta V, Ciobanu A, Sautenkova N. An assessment of community pharmacists’ attitudes towards professional practice in the Republic of Moldova. Pharm Pract. 2008;6(1). Doi 10.4321/s1886-36552008000100001.

Oparah AC, Eferakeya AE. Attitudes of Nigerian Pharmacists towards Pharmaceutical Care. Pharm World Sci. 2005;27(3):208–14. doi: 10.1007/s11096-004-2268-2

AbuRuz S, Al-Ghazawi M, Snyder A. Pharmaceutical care in a community-based practice setting in Jordan: where are we now with our attitudes and perceived barriers? Int J Pharm Pract. 2011;20(2):71–9. Doi: 10.1111/j.2042-7174.2011. 00164.x

Gillani SW, Rahman SA ur, Mohammad Abdul MI, Sulaiman SAS. Assessment of community pharmacists’ perceptions of healthcare services in Saudi Arabia. J Pharm Health Serv Res. 2017;8(4):269–74. Doi:10.1111/jphs.12183.

Mobrad AM, Alghadeer S, Syed W, Al-Arifi MN, Azher A, Almetawazi MS, et al. Knowledge, Attitudes, and Beliefs Regarding Drug Abuse and Misuse among Community Pharmacists in Saudi Arabia. Int J Environ Res Public Health. 2020;17(4):1334. Doi:10.3390/ijerph17041334

Löffler C, Koudmani C, Böhmer F, Paschka SD, Höck J, Drewelow E, et al. Perceptions of interprofessional collaboration of general practitioners and community pharmacists - a qualitative study. BMC Health Serv Res. 2017;17(1). doi: 10.1186/s12913-017-2157-8

Smith F. Community pharmacy in Ghana: enhancing the contribution to primary health care. Health Policy and Planning. 2004;19(4):234–41. doi: 10.1093/heapol/czh028.

Adepu R, Nagavi B. Attitudes and behaviors of practicing community pharmacists towards patient counselling. Indian J Pharm Sci. 2009;71(3):285. doi: 10.4103/0250-474X.56029.

Beshir SA, Bt Hamzah NH. Health promotion and health education: perception, barriers and standard of practices of community pharmacists. Int J Health Promot Educ. 2014;52(4):174–80. Doi:10.1080/14635240.2014.888809.

Laliberté M-C, Perreault S, Damestoy N, Lalonde L. Ideal and actual involvement of community pharmacists in health promotion and prevention: a cross-sectional study in Quebec, Canada. BMC Public Health. 2012;12(1):1-11. doi: 10.1186/1471-2458-12-192.

Austin Z, Marini A, DesRoches B. Use of a learning portfolio for continuous professional development: A study of pharmacists in Ontario (Canada). Pharm Educ. 2005;5(3-4):175–81. doi:10.1080/15602210500282434.

Saade S, Ghazala F, Farhat A, Hallit S. Attitudes towards continuous professional development: a study of pharmacists in Lebanon. Pharm Pract. 2018;16(1):1103. doi: 10.18549/pharmpract.2018.01.1103

Rajiah K, Ting LC, Shan CS, Ming LY. Community Pharmacists’ Perception on Patient Counseling and Continuing Pharmacy Education Program in East Malaysia. MJPHM. 2016;16(1):15-22.